GAVIN BOOTH explains how and why Barcelona tore up its bus route network to create a new one geared for modern travel requirements and shaped by the layout of its main streets and avenues rather than where tramcars once ran

On the splendid palm-fringed Passeig de Colom busway, this recently delivered MAN Lion’s City hybrid has just started on route V13 towards Avingudo Tibidabo.

When first generation trams disappeared from the streets of Europe’s towns and cities last century, the buses that replaced them often simply followed the routes used by the trams.

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